Unmanned Air Systems: UAV Design, Development A...
Significant development of drones started in the 1900s, and originally focused on providing practice targets for training military personnel. The earliest attempt at a powered UAV was A. M. Low's "Aerial Target" in 1916. Low confirmed that Geoffrey de Havilland's monoplane was the one that flew under control on 21 March 1917 using his radio system. Following this successful demonstration in the spring of 1917 Low was transferred to develop aircraft controlled fast motor launches D.C.B.s with the Royal Navy in 1918 intended to attack shipping and port installations and he also assisted Wing Commander Brock in preparations for the Zeebrugge Raid. Other British unmanned developments followed, leading to the fleet of over 400 de Havilland 82 Queen Bee aerial targets that went into service in 1935.
Unmanned Air Systems: UAV Design, Development a...
The malicious use of UAVs has led to the development of counter unmanned air system (C-UAS) technologies. Automatic tracking and detection of UAVs from commercial cameras have become accurate thanks to the development of deep learning based machine learning algorithms. It is also possible to automatically identify UAVs across different cameras with different view points and hardware specification with re-identification methods. Commercial systems such as the Aaronia AARTOS have been installed on major international airports. Once a UAV is detected, it can be countered with kinetic force (missiles, projectiles or another UAV) or by non-kinetic force (laser, microwaves, communications jamming). Anti-aircraft missile systems such as the Iron Dome are also being enhanced with C-UAS technologies. Utilising a smart UAV swarm to counter one or more hostile UAVs is also proposed.
The unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) offers great potential for collecting air quality data with high spatial and temporal resolutions. The objective of this study is to design and develop a modular UAV-based platform capable of real-time monitoring of multiple air pollutants. The system comprises five modules: the UAV, the ground station, the sensors, the data acquisition (DA) module, and the data fusion (DF) module. The hardware was constructed with off-the-shelf consumer parts and the open source software Ardupilot was used for flight control and data fusion. The prototype UAV system was tested in representative settings. Results show that this UAV platform can fly on pre-determined pathways with adequate flight time for various data collection missions. The system simultaneously collects air quality and high precision X-Y-Z data and integrates and visualizes them in a real-time manner. While the system can accommodate multiple gas sensors, UAV operations may electronically interfere with the performance of chemical-resistant sensors. Our prototype and experiments prove the feasibility of the system and show that it features a stable and high precision spatial-temporal platform for air sample collection. Future work should be focused on gas sensor development, plug-and-play interfaces, impacts of rotor wash, and all-weather designs.
The Beaver Works Unmanned Aerial Systems Center has a robust set of joint research projects in collaboration with the Departments of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL). These projects challenge students to design, fabricate, test, and fly new systems that push the boundaries of unmanned vehicles and missions.
Tony Tao and Libby Jones are exploring flexible aircraft design, developing an architecture to reduce development time and cost through common tooling, interconnects, and broad-range performance estimates. Exploring innovative technologies for improved aerodynamic, propulsion, manufacturability, and modularity.
Kip Johnson is working on developing more comprehensive safety control architectures leveraging human-centered design for incremental integration of unmanned systems into the national airspace. The use of STAMP, STPA, and development of systems-theoretic human-automation safety ontologies will provide a more complete analytical framework to safely develop and operate this complex integrated system.
Create citation alert 1757-899X/376/1/012056 Abstract In current day's Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) are widely used in every field, almost from military till the commercial purpose. Usage of UAV has decreased the burden on the human, where the manpower and risks during critical conditions (war fields) are reduced. Therefore the demand for the development of the unmanned aerial Vehicle is high. Interpreting the conceptual design data of UAV is difficult because of lack of availability of their data sheets. This paper is addressed to develop a conceptual design process of high-performance UAV, which carries a maximum payload of about 300kg and can travel for the maximum range 900km/hrs. For about 50 hours of maximum endurance. Where these three parameters are considered as the main requirements. By drawing constraint diagram, feasible design space for the aircraft was frozen; using which initial sizing of the wing, wing airfoil selection, and a suitable power-plant selection was done. Fuselage design was carried out looking at the available literature on the existing aircrafts. Propeller design was done to match the thrust requirements obtained from the constraint diagram. Empennage design was done to achieve the desired static margin of the aircraft. This process completes the conceptual design of UAV, where designed aircraft meets the requirement. The outcome of this paper enhances the understanding of the conceptual design process for the academicians as well as the researchers.
Systems engineering is roughly defined as the design and management of complex systems. This is especially true when applied to communications systems, ranging from waveform design through physical antenna systems, to cryptographic overlays for data protection. Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation (NASC) has years of experience in linking to unmanned systems, using both terrestrial and satellite-based communications systems. These system designs include all aspects of design, integration and test for both component and system level of performance requirements. At the System of Systems level, the radio and antenna systems must be integrated into their vehicles, blending dynamic antenna and environmental interactions into the developed performance models to assure that the mission is successful.
The Boeing Company was selected to develop and build the Stingray MQ-25A, the first unmanned refueling aircraft to be operated by the fleet. The U.S. Navy awarded a US$805.3 million contract to Boeing, for the design, development, fabrication, test, delivery, and support of four MQ-25A unmanned air vehicle prototypes, including integration into the carrier air wing for an initial operational capability by 2024.
The company began ground testing of an unmanned aircraft designed by Phantom Works. Boeing said this engineering and manufacturing development (EMD)-ready unmanned tanker will be ready for flight shortly after contract award. Boeing plans to perform the MQ-25 work in St. Louis.
Headquartered in San Diego, California, General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. was established in 1993 to design, develop and deliver proven and reliable unmanned aircraft systems for various customers throughout the world. The IGNAT-ER is currently operational in combat with the U.S. Army. Predator aircraft procured by the U.S. Navy, U.S. Air Force and Italian Air Force have accumulated more than 120,000 flight hours. The prop jet Predator B is also operational with the U.S. Air Force. The company is dedicated to providing long-endurance, mission-capable aircraft systems for a variety of mission applications, including surveillance, reconnaissance, targeting, weapons delivery, scientific research, atmospheric monitoring and other commercial applications. For more information, please visit www.uav.com.
AAI Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of United Industrial Corporation (UIC), is focused on the design, production and support of defense systems. AAI produces the Army's RQ-7 Shadow tactical unmanned aerial vehicle. Shadow TUAVs have flown more than 17,000 combat hours in Operation Iraqi Freedom. In addition to unmanned aerial vehicle systems, AAI's products include test and simulation systems, automated aircraft test and maintenance equipment, and logistical/engineering services for government-owned equipment. The company is headquartered in Hunt Valley, Maryland. For more information, visit www.aaicorp.com or www.unitedindustrial.com.
ISS Aerospace is a full service unmanned aerial vehicle and systems manufacturer. Serving both the civilian and defence markets. We design, manufacture and support Unmanned Air Systems (UAS). We produce cutting edge, bespoke, cost effective solutions as an end to end service as well as operational services.
Unmanned Aircraft Systems delivers a much needed introduction to UAV System technology, taking an integrated approach that avoids compartmentalising the subject. Arranged in four sections, parts 1-3 examine the way in which various engineering disciplines affect the design, development and deployment of UAS. The fourth section assesses the future challenges and opportunities of UAS.
Headquartered in Brooklyn, NY, Easy Aerial specializes in the design, development, manufacturing and software integration of the highest quality, rugged, and fully autonomous aerial monitoring solutions of multi-purpose drones for constant and on-demand surveillance without the need of human intervention.
Insitu is a pioneer in the design, development, production and operation of high-performance, cost-effective unmanned aircraft systems. Insitu is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Boeing Company and is headquartered in Bingen, Washington with offices in Oregon, California, Australia and the United Kingdom. 041b061a72