The Engineer was founded in January 1856. It was established by Edward Charles Healey, an entrepreneur and engineering enthusiast with financial interests in the railways whose friends included Robert Stephenson and Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The journal was created as a technical magazine for engineers.
The Engineer began covering engineering including inventions and patents during a high point of British economic manufacturing power. In the 19th century it also published stock prices of raw materials. Together with the contemporary Engineering journal the work is considered a valuable historical resource for the study of British economic history.
Ceremonies are held across the United States at which qualified engineers are invited to accept the Obligation of the Engineer and a stainless steel ring. The ceremonies are conducted by local sections or chapters, otherwise known as Links of the Order.
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To enhance the nation's economic productivity and improve the quality of life worldwide, engineering education in the United States must anticipate and adapt to the dramatic changes of engineering practice. The Engineer of 2020 urges the engineering profession to recognize what engineers can build for the future through a wide range of leadership roles in industry, government, and academia--not just through technical jobs. Engineering schools should attract the best and brightest students and be open to new teaching and training approaches. With the appropriate education and training, the engineer of the future will be called upon to become a leader not only in business but also in nonprofit and government sectors.
The book finds that the next several decades will offer more opportunities for engineers, with exciting possibilities expected from nanotechnology, information technology, and bioengineering. Other engineering applications, such as transgenic food, technologies that affect personal privacy, and nuclear technologies, raise complex social and ethical challenges. Future engineers must be prepared to help the public consider and resolve these dilemmas along with challenges that will arise from new global competition, requiring thoughtful and concerted action if engineering in the United States is to retain its vibrancy and strength.
Educating the Engineer of 2020 is grounded by the observations, questions, and conclusions presented in the best-selling book The Engineer of 2020: Visions of Engineering in the New Century. This new book offers recommendations on how to enrich and broaden engineering education so graduates are better prepared to work in a constantly changing global economy. It notes the importance of improving recruitment and retention of students and making the learning experience more meaningful to them. It also discusses the value of considering changes in engineering education in the broader context of enhancing the status of the engineering profession and improving the public understanding of engineering. Although certain basics of engineering will not change in the future, the explosion of knowledge, the global economy, and the way engineers work will reflect an ongoing evolution. If the United States is to maintain its economic leadership and be able to sustain its share of high-technology jobs, it must prepare for this wave of change.
In war, equipment and engineering are an essential part of victory. From obtaining tents and latrines to building bases and fixing vehicles, no army can fight solely with infantry. They need tools, new infrastructure, and people to build and maintain and move it. The average soldier actually does not have full knowledge of how his equipment works, let alone have the knowledge or time to maintain said equipment or build a bridge. Bigger and badder pieces of equipment require even more know-how and maintenance. There are also myriad obstacles, situations, and types of terrain and climate which a group of infantry cannot handle or even be equipped to handle on their own.
The Engineer is rarely The Protagonist, since the frontline soldiers are the ones that usually get the spotlight. However, if the Engineer is in a story, he will always be an essential character, and you can expect his skills to be crucial for victory at some moment in the story. Engineer characters also usually tend to be older, more experienced soldiers who are a father figure to younger soldiers, be they frontline soldiers or younger engineers. They can also have elements of the drill sergeant, demanding constant effort and discipline from his crew, although this is not surprising considering the frontline soldiers depend on the equipment they service to survive. Younger engineers can have a tendency to be very passionate about their work, and have the gift of creativity and tenacity on their side. Expect young Engineers to come up with new technologies and strategies using existing technology that will give their allies a new edge in combat. Sometimes, an Engineer will get the spotlight on him.
If an Engineer decides or is forced to fight, expect it to be awesome. As it turns out, knowing how to build and fix machines and put structures together also gives you a wealth of knowledge in how to break them. Engineers are also the guys to call when terrain needs to be modified. From building roads to blasting obstacles, Engineers will clear the way. Combat Engineers and Sappers (explosives-oriented engineers) are a thing to behold: with their capacity to utterly destroy enemy equipment and fortifications and their specialized equipment, they can cause massive panic amongst enemy forces.
In the UK and Commonwealth, the stereotypical engineer is a burly Brave Scot, a notion which has its roots in the early part of the Industrial Revolution when many educated Scots went south to escape endemic poverty and ended up working for the early railroads and factories, with many later returning to Scotland to found the 18th/19th century equivalent of a Silicon Valley startup. In Australia, a similar stereotype exists for New Zealanders, though the reasons for this aren't as clear. In the US, especially in comedies, they are often a Southern-Fried Genius, instead. In Indian works, expect him to be a Tamil note The Madras Engineer Corps was the very first unit of its kind established in India, and is also the originator of the Bangalore Torpedo mine
Note that this trope is about The Engineer as a particular type of character, not as a profession, so it would not actually comprise ALL that army engineers do. An engineer who deals with sanitation and construction of things like storehouses and office/administrative buildings would usually but not necessarily be outside this trope, and most characters referred to as "engineers" in media are actually closer in function to mechanics in the civilian field then they are to civic engineers. This trope applies primarily to Engineers as a palpable force in combat, be it as support or participating in battle.
There are various types of Engineers which feature heavily in media: Combat Engineer: This is the Engineer that's right in the middle of it just like any other soldier. However, unlike his fellows who rely on more conventional weapons, the Engineer will utilize lots of specialized equipment not available to the average soldier, like demolition explosives, flamethrowers, and gun emplacements, sometimes automated. He will also assist in the maintenance of his fellow soldier's equipment (a duty that is never neglected, no matter what type of Engineer it is).
Support Engineer: This is the Engineer that remains on stand-by for when he is needed, working on equipment maintenance and ready at a moment's notice to jump into the field to help his fellows. Support Engineers don't see as much combat as their other brethren, but they fulfill essential duties in preparation for major offensives, like constructing shelter and destroying obstacles that impede troop movement. This is the most true to life interpretation of what an army engineer is.
Mechanic: DO NOT piss off The Mechanic. No other type of Engineer is as essential for the maintenance of troops' ability to attack and move, and no other type of Engineer has a shorter fuse. The Mechanic is the king of the motor pool, every vehicle is one of his babies. Bring a vehicle in a sorry state and prepare for a massive butt chewing at best and a wrench on the side of the head at worst. They have a tendency to spout Techno Babble at a moment's notice.
Chief Engineer: The naval version. A mix of support engineer and mechanic, as he is responsible for ensuring the ship is running smoothly. Don't expect to see him above decks too often, except for staff meetings, or talk too much. When he's at his post, though, expect him to miraculously push the engines beyond their limits. On all but the smallest boats, he'll have a staff of other support engineers and mechanics under his command (hence chief engineer), but very rarely will those subordinates even have a speaking role.